Sexual & Reproductive Health Rights, Pancha Kanya Secondary School

INTRODUCTION

Daya Foundation (DF) envisions a more resilient Nepalese community having improved standards of education, health and culture. The Foundation supports humanitarian initiatives working for the welfare of Nepalese and creates resources to alleviate community challenges. The foundation facilitates the empowerment of the society as a whole through scholarship programs, healthcare improvement and entrepreneurial skills.

As part of its health mandate and Preventive Healthcare Initiative, DF is partnering with Chhatrapati Hospital, Paropakar Central Clinic and Dhulikhel Hospital to conduct health camps for government school children and senior citizen both in the urban and rural areas. It further supports their follow up treatments. DF has also supported the community hospitals with seed money and equipment donations as well supported the full treatment cost of some Cancer Victim Children. DF has also been organizing health hygiene and awareness program for preventive measures like WASH Project etc.

 

SUMMARY

Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights awareness program was organized for the students of

Pancha Kanya Secondary School, Chhauni on aug 26 & 27, 2019 at the school premise. The state funded school was founded in 1950 and runs from Kg Class to Class 10. DF has been supporting the school since few years in the Education Sector by giving Teacher Training, Book Donation, Physical Education (Yoga Classes), Lesson Plan Implemetation etc.

The awareness program and workshop was facilitated by a youth led organization named YUWA. YUWA is a registered not for profit, purely youth run and led organization working to promote youth participation through empowerment and advocacy. YUWA mainly works in six thematic areas Active Citizenship, Sexual and Reproductive health and Rights, Economic Initiation and innovation, Glocal Information access, Environment Sustainability, and Sustainable Development Goals. Ms. Sajja Singh, Vice President of YUWA, Ms. Kamala Gyawali and Ms. Hema Adhikari  trainee at Yuwa facilitated the program.

A total of 46 students of class 8, 9 and 10 attended the workshop for two days.

 

OBJECTIVES

The adolescent group comprises of the age group from 10 to 19 years. This sizable group faces unique emotional and physical health challenges. To meet these needs, Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights Program is the base to address their problems and challenges. Although the academic curriculums do have chapters related to sexual and reproductive health, the teachers feel uncomfortable in handling such matters which hasn’t been accepted openly by the society. Due to this gap, the students are not able to learn such critical matters in details which create sexual problems in early age. The objectives of the workshop included:

  • To reduce risky sexual behavior
  • To address the underlying poverty issues which influences the spread of HIV , AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases
  • To disseminate information related to contraceptive devices and preventive health measures
  • To inform about puberty/ physical changes in the body, reproductive organs etc.
  • To prevent violence and sexual abuse

 

WORKSHOP DETAILS

The major topics discussed in the workshop included:

1. Adolescence

The different physical, mental, cognitive, psychological changes were discussed explaining how it affects the behavior of a person. They were given to draw the physical changes in body team presented the group work. They were taught that when a person reaches puberty stage, their body starts to change like the increase in the size of the chest in men due to more muscular works and much increase in the size of the hip of about the starting of the menstrual cycle.

2. Human Anatomy

The different reproductive organs were explained in detail along with the function of each. A figure chart with the reproductive organs of both male and females was displayed and the function of each part was explained.

3. Menstruation

The Menstruation cycle was explained by lecture method and by showing a Video, the discussion was done about the menstrual stigma Different menstruation stuffs like sanitary pads, tampons, menstrual cup was demonstrated as well as the students were taught how to use and dispose of them safely. Ways to menstrual hygiene were also clarified.

4. Sexual Abuse/ Gender-based Violence

A skit was performed to let the students know the difference between good touch and bad touch. They were also taught how to deal with matters related to bad touch. They were also made aware of incest and ways to handle such uncomfortable matters. At the end of the session students in group perform role-play on how to deal after violence.

5. HIV and AIDS

Difference between HIV and AIDS and PMTCT discussed. Factors causing HIV/AIDS and Precautions to be taken for avoiding such infections were also highlighted. Group work was performed by the student regarding ways of transmission and prevention at the end of the session.

6. STI/ STD

Different sexually transmitted infections and diseases were pointed out. The students were notified that both males and females are liable to get such diseases in case precautions are not taken and change in multiple sex partners.

7. Family planning

What is family planning, why family planning devices were use discussed by lecture and video. Introduce them to temporary and permanent contraceptive devices were demonstrated like condoms, calendar method, Copper T, Implant, DIPO, JINDAL etc. The students were explained about sexual intercourse and its need, how pregnancy occurs, and duration of use and available, and how effective the devices were discussed.

8. Safe abortion

How pregnancy occurs is abortion is legal or not. The students were informed about the safe abortion service availability and accessibility.